Len's Summary: At the opening of the 20th Century Austria ranked third among the world's petroleum-producing states (surpassed by only the USA and Russia) accounting for five percent of global production. Yet, by 1918, the Central Powers did not have enough oil to maintain military operations. This book tells the story of what went wrong economically, socially, financially and politically in an ethnically diverse and often embattled area of Europe unfamiliar to most of us in North America.
Ambassador Shurtleff, a retired American Foreign Service officer who served as President of The World War One Historical Association and as a past President of The Western Front Association – U S Branch, passed away on January 22, 2014. The searchable version of Len’s Bookshelf was created and will be maintained in his honor.