Len's Summary: A series of essays looking at the economies and finances of the major belligerents including the Ottoman Empire, the US. England, France, Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary and Italy. See also Financing The First World War by Hugh Strachan, Oxford, 2004. // An analytical examination of the economies, economic mobilization and war finance of the principal belligerents: Germany, Austria-Hungary, The Ottoman Empire, France, the UK, Russia, Italy and the United States; as well as the neutral Netherlands. Contributors from England, the US, Germany, France, Holland and Turkey include Peter Gatrell and Hugh Rockoff.
Ambassador Shurtleff, a retired American Foreign Service officer who served as President of The World War One Historical Association and as a past President of The Western Front Association – U S Branch, passed away on January 22, 2014. The searchable version of Len’s Bookshelf was created and will be maintained in his honor.