Len's Summary: Designed and built specifically to provide heavy, shore bombardment particularly along the Flanders coast, these ships were also employed in WWII. A revision and update of a 1978 work. // The Royal Navy designed the first of these unusual vessels in late 1914 to bombard German coastal emplacements in Flanders. The earliest models mounted Bethlehem Steel 14-inch inch guns and turrets.
Ambassador Shurtleff, a retired American Foreign Service officer who served as President of The World War One Historical Association and as a past President of The Western Front Association – U S Branch, passed away on January 22, 2014. The searchable version of Len’s Bookshelf was created and will be maintained in his honor.