Len's Summary: By 1917, the Dutch East Indies was facing a radical nationalist movement, as well as economic an pinch caused by loss of exports, wartime trade restrictions, the war at sea and shortages of shipping. // How severe trade restrictions imposed by the British impacted colonial economy and society, threatening Dutch rule in the Indies. See also Hubert van Tuyll The Netherlands and World War I (Brill, 2001) for a broader diplomatic and political-economic study of armed Netherlands neutrality.
Ambassador Shurtleff, a retired American Foreign Service officer who served as President of The World War One Historical Association and as a past President of The Western Front Association – U S Branch, passed away on January 22, 2014. The searchable version of Len’s Bookshelf was created and will be maintained in his honor.