Len's Summary: International alarm over terrorism is nothing new. Read examines the “Reds under the bed” scare of 1918-1920 that threatened free speech in North America and Western Europe in the wake of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, the abortive Marxist uprisings in Germany, labor unrest in the UK and terror bombings in America. As with the current al-Qeada menace, liberal democratic governments of this era often overreacted to a shadowy and inchoate Red Menace.
Ambassador Shurtleff, a retired American Foreign Service officer who served as President of The World War One Historical Association and as a past President of The Western Front Association – U S Branch, passed away on January 22, 2014. The searchable version of Len’s Bookshelf was created and will be maintained in his honor.